What is Gestalt Therapy?

Gestalt therapy is one of the most popular and effective areas of psychotherapy. It belongs to the humanistic direction of psychotherapy, where the client is a full-fledged self-sufficient person and, with the help of a psychotherapist, can independently cope with the difficulties that have arisen. The main condition is your desire.

Gestalt therapy helps a person understand, understand what is happening to him and, most importantly, helps to understand how it happens. You will be surprised when you learn that many processes are formed in our country in childhood and do not allow us to fully interact with the world already in the adult world.

Gestalt therapy takes place through casual, casual conversation, but ultimately has a tremendous effect.

How does it work gestalt therapy?

Have you noticed how often you have to restrain yourself in something? You are offended by someone, angry, but for a number of reasons, you cannot voice your resentment and anger. This is the simplest example of an “unfinished gestalt”. And such “incomplete” you happen constantly.

You get attached to the child, and he suddenly moves away from you. You fall in love with a person, and he leaves you. They just made a lot of money, but suddenly the business began to decline. These are all examples of “unfinished gestalt”.

Our subconscious mind is tuned to a holistic image. On the so-called “completed gestalt”. Our task is to help you find all unfinished images based on your current needs, teach you how to do it in real life and make you a truly happy person.

Key Concepts

Many important concepts go through gestalt therapy, many of which are similar to personal centers and existential therapy. However, what makes these therapists different from gestalt therapy is some of the ideas that have been incorporated by Pearls and colleagues as well as specific therapeutic techniques that will be covered further below. (Selgman, 2006). The key concepts of gastrointestinal therapy are:

Awareness: Awareness is one of the most important elements of Gestalt Therapy, as it is considered a “hallmark of the healthy person and a goal of treatment” (Seligman, 2006). When individuals are “aware”, they are able to self-regulate in their environment.

There are two main causes of lacking awareness:

  1. Preoccupation with one’s past, fantasies, flaws and strengths that the individual becomes unaware of the whole picture.
  2. Low self-esteem.

Fitness and integration: Fitness refers to the whole person or individual’s mind and body as a unit rather than separate parts (Slagman, 2006). Integration refers to how these parts fit and how the individual integrates into the environment. Most people who come to the therapy do not fit these parts together in their own environment, Gestalt therapy is about helping clients integrate themselves as individuals and maintain balance in their environment. ۔

There are three ways for people to gain awareness through therapy:

Communicate with the environment: It is through seeing, hearing, touching, talking, walking, smelling and tasting. It enables the individual to thrive in their environment by reacting and changing.

Here and now: Instead of worrying about the past or the future, living in the present and being conscious is the individual.

Responsibility: This means accepting responsibility for one’s life instead of blaming others.

Energy and energy barriers: Gestalt therapists often focus on where the energy is in the body, how it is used, and how it can be a barrier (Corey, 2005). Blocking energy is a form of resistance, for example, stress in any part of the body, not breathing deeply, or avoiding eye contact. Gestalt therapy is about finding and releasing barriers that can be a barrier to awareness.

Growing Disorders By doing so, people are unable to successfully cope with the changes in their lives and instead, they have to deal with problems defensively (Slagman, 2006).

General Thoughts on Personality Development

Incomplete business: Incomplete business refers to people who do not finish things in their lives and are often associated with people with “growth disorder” (Selgman, 2006). Incomplete business people get angry in the past and that is why they are able to pay attention here and now. One of the main purposes of gestalt therapy is to help people work and close down their unfinished business.

Gestalt therapy believes that people cannot be separated from their environment or relationships. The individual is seen as self-organizing and is able to motivate himself to solve problems. Individuals are able to work towards growth and development with the permission of their environment.

A psychologically healthy person is one who manages himself through changes in life and has developed a sense of “wholeness” between mind and body (Corsini & Wedding, 2000).

Treatment techniques and working methods

The most important goal of gestalt therapy is that gestalt therapists do not want to change their goals. The role of the therapist is to help clients develop self-awareness of how they are at the moment. So with his help, they will be able to correct the issues that affect his life.

“The therapist’s job is to invite clients to an active partnership where they can learn about themselves by adopting an empirical approach to life in which they try new behaviors and feel what happens” (Pearls) , Hefferlin and Goodman, 1954), Corey, in 2005).

The focus of raising awareness is to make customers aware of their own realities. To do this, clients must first accept responsibility for choosing their current situation. Language plays a huge role in accepting responsibility. The client may try to use reactions or individual traits to avoid other people or external causes, for example “she makes me very angry”; “It’s his fault.” Predicting reactions and traits of avoiding both tend to displace ownership and responsibility for external reasons.

Another goal of gestalt therapy is that therapists should work to establish an “I-you” relationship with their clients in which both the therapist and the client are present here and now, rather than focusing on the specialist or the future. Main, 2006).

Also, an understanding of the client’s entire experience is required by the therapist. This includes considering the client’s verbal and non-verbal communication. In fact, extraordinary communication is seen to provide more information about the true essence of a person.

Thus, one of the main tasks of a gestalt therapist is focusing on the client’s body language such as the client’s posture, movement, gestures, voice and hesitation as the body language reflects what the client is going through at this stage. Is. In time

Experiences: Gestalt therapists use experiments or learning techniques with their clients. Experiences are designed for the individual and take the form of implementation, role play, housework, or other activity that promotes individual self-awareness (Slagman, 2006).

An example of this technique is with a person who feels insecure in social situations. He has a work function to go to in two weeks’ time so the therapist gives him the experience of starting a conversation with someone he does not normally talk to. Spending time thinking about what he says promotes self-awareness and self-experience gives him more confidence in social situations.


Gestalt therapy focuses on the union between the “whole” person and his environment. This therapy sees a healthy person as someone who is conscious in their life and lives here and now instead of focusing on the past or the future. There are several successful techniques in gestalt therapy that are applied in therapy today and can be used in a wide range of emotional matters.


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