10+ Robotics Projects for Engineering Students
Here are the top 10+ robotics projects that students should try at least once.
Human efforts to complete complex jobs have been easier and more precise with the aid of robotics. Robotics is incredibly entertaining to watch and equally fascinating to study. A future robotics expert must possess a strong desire to learn, be involved in a variety of problem-solving settings, have strong presentation, research, and communication skills, and have a thorough understanding of both physical engineering and programming languages. Mechanical, electrical, computer science, and many more disciplines are all combined in the technology of robotics.
Improving programming and innovation are assisting robots in discovering their way into several industries that are too unsafe, boring, or unimaginable for people to accomplish. Robotics has advanced dramatically in the twentieth and twenty-first century. As a result, work prospects in this industry have expanded dramatically. There are currently several types of robots accessible, including serial type, parallel type, walking type, and mobile type robots. A power supply, controllers, grippers, manipulators, and end effectors are the main components of robotics.
When we think of a robot, the first thing that comes to mind is that it imitates someone. In reality, there is no such thing as a robot definition. However, there are several essential properties that a robot should have, such as intelligence, perception, energy, and mobility, among others. Some robots function autonomously to do specific jobs. Alternative robots, on the other hand, require human assistance. As a result, these robots are reliant on one another. Robotics has exploded in popularity. It’s not just something to play with right now. Several engineering colleges have established a specialised engineering stream. Robot enthusiasts show a lot of interest in college events, robotic festivals, and competitions.
We make a the list of top 10+ robotics project ideas for engineering students to try in 2023. How many have you tried?
Top 10+ Robotics Projects for Engineering Students
1. 3D Printed Robot
It just so happens that 3D printing is an excellent application for the field of robotics. It gives designers the ability to add new features to their works. In addition, end users can tailor a robot to their own requirements. People are pushing the bounds of possibility every day by combining robotics and 3D printing. As a result, 3D Printed Robot would be the perfect project to complete in your final year to leave a memorable impression.
2. Stair Climber Robot
Robots have been widely used for a variety of purposes. However, a very potential application of robotics is in goods transportation. For mobility, most robots employ either a wheeled or a tracked system. While wheeled systems provide great speed and a major advantage in steering, they are frequently difficult to operate in off-road conditions and when climbing over obstacles.
3. Robotic Arm Controlled by Touch Screen Display
The proposal offers a remote-controlled robotic vehicle with a touch screen. To send RF control signals, the touch screen remote serves as the transmitter. The robotic vehicle is made up of receivers that capture those signals and conduct the necessary functions. For this aim, an 8051 microcontroller is used in the project. To convey movement commands to the robotic vehicle, the touch screen device serves as the transmitter. The car’s receiver receives the commands and controls the vehicle with an 8051 microcontroller.
4. Line Follower Robot
A line follower is a rudimentary robot that uses infrared (IR) or other optical sensors to follow a thick line drawn on the floor. This line follower robot has two motors with wheels on the back and a castor wheel on the front for support. Line follower robot is one of the best robotic projects to tackle, especially for final year engineering students looking to make an impact.
5. Solar Floor Cleaner Robot
A solar-powered floor cleaner robot can assist in cleaning outdoor areas, terraces, open restaurants, vast campuses, and so on. You may programme a robot to assist cleaners in cleaning big open spaces without any physical work or the need to power the robot. Students can control the robot and send movement commands using the RF remote. Solar floor cleaner robot is an engineering student’s must-try robotic project.
6. Metal Detector Robotic Vehicle
To accomplish this, the system collaborates using an 8051 series microcontroller. The pushbuttons are used to give commands to the car to move it forward, backward, left, and right. Two motors at the receiving end drive the vehicle in accordance with the commands received. When a command is sent, it is delivered via the RF transmitter. An rf receiver reads the command and sends it to an 8051 microcontroller for processing at the receiving end. The motors are then controlled by the microcontroller through a motor driver IC. The device’s metal detection system identifies any metal underneath it. When it detects something, it emits a little buzzing alarm to alert the user. Thus, the metal detection system combined with a robotic vehicle enables remote control of the robotic vehicle within a 200-meter radius using RF technology.
7. Pick and Place Robotic Vehicle
A pick and place robot is one that picks up an object and places it in a specific area. It might be a cylindrical robot with horizontal, vertical, and rotational axes of movement, a spherical robot with two rotational and one linear axes of movement, an articulated robot, or a terrifying robot (stationary robots with three vertical axes rotary arms). The joints of a pick and place robot provide the basic operation. Joints, which are analogous to human joints, are utilised to connect the robot’s two consecutive stiff bodies. They can be either rotary or linear joints. To add a joint to any robot connection, we must first understand the degrees of freedom and degrees of movement for that body component. Degrees of freedom enable the body’s linear and rotational mobility. Degrees of mobility denote the number of axes along which the body can move.
8. Mobile Autonomous Robot
The proposed system can detect impediments at different ranges. Inspired by a visual looming technique, this was accomplished by determining the minimal amount of pixels within the code while calculating the distance between the camera and the barrier. The proposed system was built on a Raspberry Pi and captured photos with a USB webcam. The suggested system will include a USB camera connected to a Raspberry Pi. A Python script will be run on the Raspberry Pi to collect images in the video while scanning for geometrical shapes, such as circles. If the circle is identified, the script will pull up or down the GPIO port pins that will be used to control the robot’s direction dependent on where the circle is on the screen.
9. Obstacle Avoiding Robot
A method of avoiding obstacles robot is a fully autonomous robot that can avoid every obstacle that it encounters while moving. Simply said, when it encounters an obstruction while travelling ahead, it stops and takes a step back. Then it looks at its two sides, left and right, and begins to travel in the best possible path, which is either left if there is another obstruction on the right or right if there is another barrier on the left. Obstacle-avoiding robots are extremely useful and serve as the foundation for many huge projects such as automatic autos, robots used in manufacturing plants, and even robots used in spacecraft.
10. Greenhouse Managing Robot
This is one of the most essential agricultural projects for engineering students. This project includes temperature and humidity monitoring and control, as well as light monitoring. This unit is mounted on a Robot that follows a predefined path through the greenhouse. This high-tech agricultural project will be divided into three core sections. The first is “Parameters Monitoring,” the second is “Parameters Controlling,” and the third is Robot movement on a specified course. Temperature and light levels will be displayed on a display unit. This will assist the person in understanding the values; for this reason, numerous sensors will be connected to an ADC.
11. Intelligent Combat Robot
The battle robot can be programmed to respond to heinous terrorist assaults. This robot is radio-controlled, self-powered, and has all of the controls of a standard automobile. It has a wireless camera attached so that it may monitor adversaries remotely when necessary. It can enter enemy territory secretly and transmit all information to us via its small Camera eyes. This spy robot can be deployed in high-end hotels, shopping malls, and jewelry stores, among other places where intruders or terrorists may pose a threat. Because human life is always valuable, these robots are used to substitute fighters fighting terrorists in combat zones.
12. Autonomous Underwater Robot
Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) are robotic submarines that are part of the developing field of unmanned and autonomous vehicles. This project demonstrates the design and deployment of an AUV as a testbed platform for a range of underwater technology studies, with a focus on small-scale, surface water, and low-cost underwater robotics. SolidWorks has created the AUV prototype. It will have a fixed mechanical system and body, as well as a modular electronic system that allows for the development of different controllers. The controller and motors have been tested in small-scale surface water, with good results.
13. Robotic Arm
The programmable robotic arm has a wide range of uses, including space missions and underwater explorations. It is also employed in nuclear power plants and in dangerous environments where human monitoring is difficult. There are several varieties of robotic arms utilised in industry, but I’ll focus on a basic prototype. The movement of the pieces is accomplished using a servo motor, which can rotate up to 190 degrees. The entire circuit is powered by a 12-volt adaptor, and the controlling device is an Arduino Nano. The robotic arm’s servo motor is operated by an Android phone. Bluetooth module HC-05 is used to communicate between the mobile phone and the servo robot arm.